Nowadays, people’s way of celebrating the New Year’s eve is to party, wish their loved ones using modern tech, and upload New Year status on social media. But do you actually know the history behind this occasion? Let us have a look.
New Year’s Day is rejoiced every year on 1st of January. This was started for the first time as the Julian calendar starts.
Julius Caesar, soon after becoming the dictator of Roman empire, decided that the conventional Roman calendar was in dire requirement of alteration. Issued around the 7th century B.C., the Roman calendar had to be corrected since it regularly fell out of loop with the seasons. This was due to the fact that the calendar tried to obey the lunar cycle.
In making his new calendar, Caesar took help of an Alexandrian astronomer, Sosigenes, who suggested him to do give up the lunar cycle completely and go as per the Egyptians—follow the solar year. The year was measured to be 365 and a quarter days, and Caesar included 67 days to 45 B.C. This made 46 B.C. to commence on January 1, instead of March. He also decided that every 4 years a day to be included in February, hence supposedly keeping his calendar from falling out of loop. Soon before his murder in 44 B.C., he modified the moniker of the month Quintilis after himself to Julius (July). Afterwards, the month of Sextilis was named after his heir as Augustus (August).
Celebration of New Year in January became old during the medieval period, and even those who firmly obeyed to the Julian calendar did not witness the New Year to take place precisely on January 1.
Now that you know the exact history of the New Year, this makes the celebration much more logical.